A USC research in the July 8 issue of JAMA Pediatrics reveals that teenagers who use prescription opioids to get excessive usually tend to begin utilizing heroin by high school graduation.
Leventhal said the examine, performed from 2013-2017, is the primary to trace prescription opioid and heroin use in a group of teenagers over time. In 2017, 9% of the nation’s 47,600 opioid overdose deaths occurred in individuals underneath the age of 25, based on data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Along with overdose, health risks of heroin use are devastating and include severe addiction, hepatitis C, HIV, and different infections.
Using twice-yearly surveys to track high schoolers’ use of various drugs, researchers adopted 3,298 first-year students from 10 Los Angeles-area high schools by their senior year. Members have been requested about their earlier and present use of prescription painkillers—comparable to Vicodin, Oxycontin and Percocet—to get high.
The researchers additionally requested the students if they used heroin or different substances like marijuana, alcohol, cigarettes, methamphetamine, and inhalants. They made demographic changes to account for differences in the family environment, psychological disposition, family history of substance use, and different factors related to nonmedical prescription opioid use.
Of the practically 3,300 students within the study, 596 reported utilizing prescription opioids to get excessive throughout the first 3.5 years of high school. The researchers discovered that prescription painkiller use made a giant distinction in who later used heroin: 13.1% of present prescription opioid users and 10.7% of earlier prescription opioid customers went on to make use of heroin by the tip of highschool. Solely 1.7% of youth who didn’t use prescription opioids to get high had later tried heroin by the top of high school.
Along with Leventhal and Kelley-Quon, the research’s authors are Junhan Cho, Jessica Barrington-Trimis and Afton Kechter of Keck School of Medicine; David Strong of University of California, San Diego; and Richard Miech of the University of Michigan.